Chronic Pancreatitis-Induced Thrombosis of Celiac and Superior Mesenteric Artery

Harshavardhan Sanekommu, Sobaan Taj, Rida Mah Noor, Muhammad Umair Akmal, Claudia Ramirez, Pranav Shah, Mohammad Hossain, Asif Arif


Every year, nearly 60,000 hospitalizations occur in the United States due to chronic pancreatitis (CP). CP can cause severe chronic abdominal pain, pancreatic insufficiency, and increased risk of pancreatic cancer. While venous thrombotic complications are common, arterial thrombotic events are rarely reported in CP. This report describes a case of a 43-year-old female who presented with severe worsening abdominal pain due to CP. Diagnostic imaging disclosed thrombosis of superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and celiac artery (CA) with acute bowel wall changes reflecting ischemic changes, resulting in acute-on-chronic mesenteric ischemia. Endovascular stent placement relieved the ischemia with the resolution of pain. Arterial thrombosis should be considered as a diagnostic possibility when patients with CP present with a significant change in symptoms. Importantly, the case demonstrates that endovascular treatment with stent placement can relieve ischemia and resolve symptoms in patients with CP.

J Med Cases. 2023;14(9-10):322-326


Pancreatitis; Chronic; Ischemia; Mesenteric; Occlusive mesenteric arterial ischemia

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