Uncommon Presentation of Undiagnosed B-Cell Lymphoproliferative Disorder as Nodular Pulmonary Amyloidosis

Harsh Patel, Aaiyat Sheikh, Gnana Deepthi Medarametla, Sri Abirami Selvam, Syed Nazeer Mahmood, Gurleen Johal, Janani Arunachalam, Haripriya Radhakrishnan, Viray Shah, Aditya Lal Vallath, Digantkumar Patel, Saketh Palasamudram Shekar, Urvish Patel, Nisarg Changawala


B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders are characterized by the accumulation of mature B lymphocytes in the bone marrow, lymphoid tissues, and/or peripheral blood. They can cause amyloid deposits in the lungs. In rare cases, lung nodules can be the first sign of this disorder. We present the case of an 89-year-old woman with stable shortness of breath and lung nodules on imaging. A positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scan showed the most intense hypermetabolic nodule in the patients lung, which was 1.5 1.4 cm. A biopsy of this nodule showed amyloid material with trapped plasma cell infiltrate on microscopy. Congo red stain under polarizing microscopy showed apple-green birefringence, which is diagnostic for amyloidosis. Immunohistochemistry showed a mixture of kappa-positive and lambda-positive cells. B-cell gene rearrangement-clonal gene rearrangements were detected in the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) gene and the kappa light chain (IGK). These findings suggest a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder, such as a plasmacytoma or a marginal cell lymphoma with plasma cell differentiation. The patient was diagnosed with a B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder and pulmonary amyloidosis. Isolated amyloidosis in the lungs usually has a good prognosis, but it can be a sign of autoimmune diseases or B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders, as in this case. Early diagnosis of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder can lead to successful treatment and prevents complications.

J Med Cases. 2023;14(1):36-43
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc4026


Nodular pulmonary amyloidosis; Pulmonary amyloidosis; B-cell lymphoproliferative disorder; Pulmonology; Oncology; Evidence based medicine

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.