Subcapsular Hepatic Hematoma Post-Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography Requiring Surgical Necrosectomy

Ryan Petrucci, Amitabha Das

Abstract


Cholelithiasis is a common gastrointestinal pathology with a prevalence of over 6% in the USA. Symptomatic patients can develop cholangitis, biliary colic, pancreatitis and cholecystitis. Surgical management involves laparoscopic or open cholecystectomy. Stones within the common bile duct can be treated with endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). Well-known ERCP complications include pancreatitis, perforation, bleeding and cholangitis. Hepatic hematomas as a complication of ERCP are extremely rare, with fewer than 50 reported cases in the literature. Approximately 22% have required operative management. We present an extremely rare case of ERCP-associated subcapsular hepatic hematoma in a 43-year-old lady that was initially non-operatively managed. She did not improve with antibiotics alone and underwent attempted interventional radiology drainage. Despite this, due to on-going sepsis, the patient underwent laparoscopic necrosectomy and drain placement with continued post-operative irrigation. After a long course of antibiotics and drain irrigation, the patient was discharged with repeated computed tomography imaging showing almost total resolution of the infected collection. This case highlights the extreme rarity of surgical management for post-ERCP subcapsular hepatic hematoma and its successful outcome.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(5):186-189
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3672

Keywords


Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography complications; Hepatic hematoma; Liver hematoma; Subcapsular hepatic hematoma

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