Corynebacterium striatum Cardiac Device-Related Infective Endocarditis: The First Case Report in a Patient With a Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Defibrillator Device and Review of the Literature

Luisa Serpa Pinto, Andre Dias Frias, Margarida Franca

Abstract


Corynebacterium striatum (C. striatum) is a skin commensal agent, rarely described as a cause of infective endocarditis. We describe a case of a 48-year-old man, with multiple comorbidities with cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator (CRT-D) device implanted 1 year before. A cardiac device-related infective endocarditis (CDRIE) due to C. striatum, with vegetations in the tricuspid valve adjacent to the electrode lead and concomitant lumbar spondylodiscitis were diagnosed. The patient was treated initially with a 6-week course of vancomycin with sterile blood cultures and reduction of inflammatory parameters. Surgery was refused at this stage. Six weeks later, he was readmitted due to C. striatum bacteriemia recurrence, with vegetations adhering to the electrode wire, being treated with daptomycin 10mg/kg body weight, after presenting renal toxicity to vancomycin. CRT-D device was removed with implantation of epicardial cardiac resynchronization therapy pacemaker (CRT-P). To our knowledge, this might be the first description of C. striatum CDRIE in a patient with a CRT-D. In the five cases described in the literature of CDRIE by this agent, early removal of the pacemaker was performed with good results. In this case, the device was removed only after failure of medical treatment alone.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(2):61-64
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3618

Keywords


Infective endocarditis; Corynebacterium striatum; Cardiac device-related infective endocarditis; Cardiac resynchronization therapy defibrillator; Implantable cardioverter defibrillator; Daptomycin

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