Spontaneous Coronary Artery Dissection in a Young Man

Stella Pak, Edinen Asuka, Anastasia Postoev


Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an idiosyncratic phenomenon by which a spontaneous separation of the intimal and medial layer in the coronary artery occurs with intramural hemorrhage in the absence of trauma. This intramural hematoma, in turn, leads to compression and occlusion of the arterial lumen. Unlike traumatic dissection of coronary arteries, more than half of SCAD heals spontaneously over time. SCAD is known to occur predominantly in women under the age of 50, particularly during pregnancy or peripartum period. Herein, we present a case of a 32-year-old man with an SCAD on the left anterior descending coronary artery. The discordance between clinical presentation and angiographic finding posed a unique challenge in therapeutic decision making. This case reminds clinicians that SCAD should be kept in mind as a differential diagnosis even for young men presenting with acute chest pain.

J Med Cases. 2020;11(6):185-188
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3490


Spontaneous coronary artery dissection; Coronary artery bypass grafting; Percutaneous coronary intervention; Coronary angiography; Optical coherence tomography; Intravascular ultrasound; Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction; Dual antiplatelet therapy

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.