The Simultaneity of Coronary Artery Ectasia and Intracranial Arterial Dolichoectasia: A Case Report and Literature Review

Harith Adnan Alataby, George Freg, Rana Alzakhari, Gourg Atteya, Muhamed Dougar, Bhavesh Gala, Jay Nfonoyim

Abstract


 

In the present study, we report a case of multiple coronary artery ectasias (CAE) and multiple intracranial arterial dolichoectasias (IADEs). A 60-year-old female presented to the emergency department twice with chest pain and mild elevation of troponin and T-wave changes. Peripheral coronary angiography showed severe ectasia and stenosis of certain segments of the left main coronary artery (LMCA), left anterior descending (LAD), first obtuse marginal (OM1), distal left circumflex (LCX), and bilateral subclavian arteries. The patient was treated medically. Two weeks later, she presented with dizziness. Head computerized tomography (CT) angiography showed severe IADE involving the vertebrobasilar system, intracranial internal carotid arteries, and bilateral middle cerebral arteries. No neurovascular intervention was performed due to the complexity of the findings. CAE is an abnormal dilatation of a coronary artery segment of at least 1.5 times the size of a normal coronary artery. The slow flow phenomenon may lead to ischemia and thrombosis, which can result in acute coronary syndrome. IADE comprises a dilatation and elongation of the arteries that affects both the anterior and posterior cerebral circulation, often causing neurological complications such as ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, or compression of surrounding neural structures. We report this case due to the rarity of coexisting IADE and CAE. A rarefaction of elastic tissue of the media with degeneration of the internal elastic lamina, in addition to matrix metalloproteinase dysfunction, is a common pathological mechanism for this condition. The management of CAE and IADE is mostly conservative, essentially treating the risk factors and administering antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents. In some patients, angioplasty vs. surgical treatment may be applied.




J Med Cases. 2019;10(11):328-332
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3390

 


Keywords


Coronary artery ectasia; Intracranial arterial dolichoectasia; Coexistence; Concurrence; Association

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

     

Journal of clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 

 

 

 

Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.            
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.