Occurrence of Buffalo Hump and Laryngeal Cancer in a HIV-1 Infected Patient with Metabolic Disorders Receiving a Rescue HAART Regimen

Alessandra Fantauzzi, Massimo Fusconi, Caterina Tripodi, Cristina Bigelli, Carmen Barbato, Giancarlo Ceccarelli, Ivano Mezzaroma

Abstract


Reported cases of laryngeal squamous cell carcinomas are rare in HIV-1 infected patients. We describe a 68 year-old heavy smoker HIV-1 positive male receiving a salvage combination antiretroviral therapy, who developed a differentiated laryngeal cancer staging T3N0Mx after a 21 year history of HIV-1 infection. The patient also presented a severe fat redistribution with “buffalo hump” accompanied by subcutaneous adipose tissue lipoatrophy at arms and legs, and a dis-metabolic syndrome. Head and neck movements were severely limited by this voluminous mass. The presence of immune-suppression at the diagnosis with a relatively low grade staging of the neoplasm determined the choice of a combined chemo-radiation therapy, taking also in account the high infective risk linked to the surgery approach compared to that of acute toxicity reactions. A two years disease free follow up reinforced the needs of an early and accurate screening for neoplasms in HIV-1 infected patients.




J Med Cases. 2012;3(3):185-189
doi: https://doi.org/10.4021/jmc569w

Keywords


HIV-1; HAART; Buffalo hump; HARS; Laryngeal cancer; Radiation therapy

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