Case Review: Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura

Ronny Cohen, Christine A. Garcia, Derrick Mena, Mariely Castellanos, Li-The Wu

Abstract


    Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP) is defined as a hematologic disorder, characterized by isolated thrombocytopenia without a clinically apparent cause. The major causes of accelerated platelet consumption include immune thrombocytopenia, decreased bone marrow production and increased splenic sequestration. The clinical presentation may be acute with severe bleeding, or insidious with slow development with mild or no symptoms. The initial laboratory tests useful at the first visit to predict future diagnosis were erythrocyte count, leukocyte count, anti-glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa antibodies, reticulated platelets, plasma thrombopoietin level. Treatment should be restricted to those patients with moderate or severe thrombocytopenia who are bleeding or at risk of bleeding. It should be limited in duration unless demonstrated that symptomatic thrombocytopenia persists. Patients with mild, asymptomatic thrombocytopenia, discovered incidentally on a routine blood count, should not be treated. We present a case report on ITP and summarize the key points in the diagnosis and management of ITP.




 doi:10.4021/jmc506w

Keywords


Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; ITP; Platelets; Petechiae; Hematology

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