Synchronous Left Ventricular and Endocranial Mass

Cornelia Tsokkou, Andreas Mitsis, Evi Christodoulou, Panayiotis Avraamides, Stefanos Sakellaropoulos


Myocardial cysts represent a miscellaneous and infrequent spectrum of conditions, with each of them coming from a different etiological background. Congenital myocardial cysts, neoplasia, cysts of infectious origin (bacterial, viral, or parasitic), and cardiac pathologies that may fake cystic content are all encompassed in this group. Although most patients are asymptomatic, some may occasionally present with obstruction, valvular dysfunction, or heart failure. Even more uncommon is the coexistence of a myocardial cyst with other extracardiac locations causing extracardiac symptoms. In this direction, the coexistence of a myocardial and endocranial cyst is extremely rare and can cause symptomatology from the affected organs (e.g., seizures). Cardiac investigation in this context is mainly dependent on non-invasive diagnostic modalities, and laboratory procedures. In this case report, we present a 26-year-old Congolese male admitted with dyspnea and epileptic seizures. Echocardiography revealed left ventricular and both mitral and tricuspid valve dysfunction and the presence of two myocardial cysts, while brain computed tomography showed an additional frontal cystic lesion. A precise diagnostic workup with a combination of non-invasive imaging, laboratory results, and epidemiology data assisted the diagnosis and guided the most suitable therapeutic choice.

J Med Cases. 2023;14(9-10):332-338


Endocranial cyst; Heart failure; Myocardial cyst; Epileptic seizures; Parasitical diseases; Cysticercosis

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