Rhizobium radiobacter-Induced Peritonitis: A Case Report and Literature Analysis

Sasmit Roy, Debargha Basuli, Ebad U. Rahman, Sreedhar Adapa, Sohil N. Reddy


Rhizobium radiobacter (R. radiobacter) is a gram-negative bacterium, primarily a soil contaminant and rarely pathogenic to humans. Only a few cases of peritonitis secondary to R. radiobacter have been reported worldwide. A 66-year-old male with end-stage renal disease who was on peritoneal dialysis (PD) developed R. radiobacter-induced peritonitis. We have treated the infection successfully with intraperitoneal antibiotics and managed to keep his PD catheter intact without interruption in PD treatment. More prolonged antibiotic therapy and frequent clinical follow-up is required to treat this infection. Better clinician awareness is needed to prevent this rare infection.

J Med Cases. 2022;13(9):471-474
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3999


Rhizobium radiobacter; Peritonitis; Peritoneal dialysis; End-stage renal disease

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