Idiopathic Pleuroparenchymal Fibroelastosis

Kameron Tavakolian, Ndausung Udongwo, Steven Douedi, Mihir Odak, Justin Ilagan, Taimoor Khan, Noor Salam, Saira Chaughtai, Arif Asif

Abstract


Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (IPPFE) is a rare form of idiopathic interstitial pneumonia. The disease is characterized by fibrosis of the pleura and subpleural lung parenchyma predominantly affecting the upper lobes. Various triggers have been proposed as inciting factors in the development of the disease. Diagnosis is made clinically in conjunction with radiographic findings and histopathology when available. There are no known effective treatment options and several cases of lung transplantation have been reported. We report a case of an 86-year-old female who presented to the emergency department with worsening dyspnea and hypoxia. She had a history of unexplained pneumomediastinum and a 20 - 25 pounds unintentional weight loss over 10 months. Computed tomography (CT) of the chest without contrast revealed radiographic evidence of IPPFE. Despite symptomatic management with antibiotics, diuretics, and steroids, her condition continued to deteriorate. Unfortunately, our patient was not a candidate for a lung transplant. She was transitioned to hospice care and succumbed to her disease. IPPFE is a rare disease with an unknown prevalence. It has a median survival rate of 2 years. Usually, there is an overlap with interstitial lung diseases, making it challenging to diagnose. There are only a few cases reported in the literature, and there are currently no guidelines available on the appropriate management of this debilitating disease. We recommend more cases be reported, and further research is done to establish better criteria for diagnosis and management.




J Med Cases. 2022;13(5):235-239
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3927

Keywords


Idiopathic pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis; Interstitial lung disease; Interstitial pneumonia; Platythorax; Pneumothorax; Pneumomediastinum; Dyspnea; Hypoxia

Full Text: HTML PDF
 

Browse  Journals  

 

Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics

 

World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology

 

Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity

 

Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research

 

Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics

 

 
       
 

Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.