Cervicogenic Dizziness Associated With Craniocervical Instability: A Case Report

Eric ChunPu Chu, Fadi Al Zoubi, Jian Yang

Abstract


Cervicogenic dizziness (CGD) is a clinical syndrome characterized by an illusory sensation of motion and disequilibrium secondary to neck pathologies. Reported here is the case of a 40-year-old male presented with neck pain, dizziness, and aural symptoms in the past 12 months. The patient was previously diagnosed with Meniere’s disease and treated with a low-sodium diet, betahistine and vestibular rehabilitation for 4 months, but the symptoms had not been relieved. Subsequently he sought out chiropractic evaluation. Radiographic clues illustrated a subtle anterolisthesis of the occiput on the cervical spine, manifested by a dissociation of the clivo-axial angle (CXA). After exclusion of other neurological, vascular and vestibular causes, craniocervical instability was considered as the cause of the CGD. He was treated with multi-component intervention consisting of spinal manipulation, intermittent motorized traction and ultrasound therapy to release cervical complaints. The patient reported salutary consequences to the 3-month treatment course with no neurologic sequelae. The current study serves as a vivid example of identifying CGD based on a subtle radiographic clue and by utilizing CXA as an assessment tool for craniocervical instability.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(11):451-454
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3792

Keywords


Cervicogenic dizziness; Chiropractic; Clivo-axial angle; Craniocervical instability; Dizziness

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