Obliterative Portal Venopathy Caused by Oral Contraceptive Pills: A Case Report

Muhammad Farhan Ashraf, Radiana Trifonova, Asra Batool

Abstract


Oral contraceptive pills (OCPs) have a known prothrombotic effect. Obliterative portal venopathy (OPV) can be seen in patients with underlying hypercoagulability. We present a case of a 19-year-old female patient taking OCPs who presented with obstructive jaundice. Her main concern was pruritis. An extensive workup was done to reach a diagnosis but it came back negative. A liver biopsy showed OPV. This was thought secondary to her OCP use. Her OCPs were discontinued which resulted in a complete resolution of her symptoms and laboratory abnormalities. Cases with a direct relationship between OPV and OCP use are extremely rare. More studies are required to establish a correlation between OPV and OCPs. OPV should be considered in the differential diagnosis among patients with obstructive jaundice without an obvious cause, especially in patients taking OCPs. Treatment is stopping the OCPs with close follow-up to confirm disease resolution.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(11):446-450
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3779

Keywords


Obliterative portal venopathy; Idiopathic noncirrhotic portal hypertension; Hepatoportal sclerosis; Oral contraceptive pills; Gastroenterology; Obstructive jaundice

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