Coronary Sinus Thrombosis in a Patient Without History of Endothelial Cardiac Injury

Anton Mararenko, Abbas Alshami, Firas Ajam, David Zagha

Abstract


Coronary sinus thrombosis (CST) is a rare but life-threatening condition that involves clot formation within the vessel responsible for draining all of the venous blood from the myocardium itself. The coronary sinus is situated in the right atrium approximately half-way between the tricuspid value and the inferior vena cava. The coronary sinus is rarely cited in medical literature due to limited knowledge as well as rarity in clinical encounters. CST can be a rapidly progressive life-threatening emergency as the interruption of vascular drainage can result in pericardial effusions, tamponade and cardiogenic shock. A major clinical challenge in diagnosing and treating this condition is due to relative rarity as well as the non-specificity of presenting symptoms that are often associated with more commonly encountered cardiopulmonary diseases. CST is most commonly induced by endothelial damage, such as post intracardiac instrumentation with catheter guidewires, or any of the criteria outlined by Virchow’s triad. Our team described the finding of a thrombus 1.8 cm in diameter in a patient with underlying hepatobiliary cancer as well as underlying bacteremia from infected ascitic fluid. Though our patient remained hemodynamically stable without cardiopulmonary complications, we hope to spark a discussion within the medical community to increase awareness as well as to highlight the need for more research on this potentially life-threatening condition.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(9):355-358
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3726

Keywords


Coronary sinus; Thrombosis; Bacteremia; Anticoagulation; Echocardiogram

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