Large Vessel Stroke Following Multiple Other Strokes and Cardiomyopathy in a Forty-Nine-Year-Old COVID-19 Patient

Saira Chaughtai, Rabail Soomro, Khaula Chaughtai, Waleed Anwaar, Zeeshan Chaughtai, Arif Asif, Mohammad A. Hossain

Abstract


The novel coronavirus known as severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has made its presence known on the centerstage of worldwide healthcare in 2020. Although it is widely known about its pulmonary presence and ensuing complications, evidence is emerging that there are other organ systems including the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular systems that may be damaged by this virus. There have been reports of large vessel stroke occurring in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) positive patients, with very few reported in the age group less than 50 years. In this case, we describe a previously healthy 49-year-old male who presented with signs of stroke, and was found to have the novel coronavirus as he had been suffering from upper respiratory tract symptoms for 3 weeks. He subsequently developed further large vessel stroke while in the hospital despite being started on antiplatelet therapy. He was also found to have new onset cardiomyopathy. He was started on anticoagulation and discharged with follow-up for cardiomyopathy testing outpatient. This case begs the question on which anticoagulation to utilize in COVID-19 positive patients to be effective in preventing thrombotic events. It is postulated that a pro-inflammatory state induced by the virus and the virus’ affinity for angiotensin converting enzyme-2 receptors in the cerebral vasculature are predispositions to cause a stroke. The virus also directly damages cardiac myocytes causing a number of cardiac complications including cardiomyopathy. It is crucial that guidelines on anticoagulation choice and indications for when to start anticoagulation be developed in order to prevent the more devastating consequences of thrombosis and embolism and their subsequent clinical sequelae.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(6):238-242
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3682

Keywords


SARS-CoV-2; Cardiomyopathy; Stroke

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