Disseminated Nocardiosis: The Complexity of the Diagnosis

Cristina Marques, Marcia Ribeiro, Maria Teresa Bonccoraglio, Joana Braga, Ana Francisca Pereira, Ana Ogando


Nocardiosis is a rare infection in immunocompetent patients. Nocardia spp. is an uncommon cause of prostate abscesses and is responsible for only 1-2% of brain abscess. Hematogenous dissemination can occur, and presentation of abscesses in more than two locations is required to determine a disseminated nocardiosis. The microbiological diagnosis of this agent is still a challenge due to the complexity of its identification in regular laboratories. An early diagnosis and adequate treatment with effective antibiotics are critical for treating this entity. We report a case of a patient who presented with brain abscess with a previous medical history of prostate abscess to Nocardia spp. which evolved to disseminated nocardiosis.

J Med Cases. 2021;12(5):205-208
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3673


Nocardia spp.; Brain abscess; Disseminated nocardiosis; Immunocompetent

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