The Role of a Medical Intermediate Care Unit in the Management of Budd-Chiari Syndrome: Case Series

Marcia Cravo, Daniel G. Oliveira, Arlindo Guimas, Pedro Vita, Ana Luisa Rego, Rute Alves, Diana Valadares, Graziela Carvalheiras, Miguel Ricardo, Alexandre Pinto, Helena Pessegueiro, Filipe Nery

Abstract


Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) has a wide spectrum of presentations, from an asymptomatic status to acute liver failure (ALF). The therapeutic approach depends on disease severity and related etiology with patients with severe forms of presentation classically managed in intensive care units (ICUs). Here, we report a series of five BCS patients managed in a medical intermediate care unit (IntCU), with three of them presenting with acute liver injury. Progression to ALF was seen in three patients, two of whom died, with one being successfully submitted to liver transplantation. IntCUs allow a 24-h patient surveillance and a prompt management of BCS, with less economic impact when compared to ICUs. Mortality was related to the presence of associated comorbidities that limited therapeutic approach.




J Med Cases. 2021;12(5):190-194
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3659

Keywords


Acute liver failure; Budd-Chiari syndrome; Hypercoagulable state

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