Hepatic Hodgkin Lymphoma Presenting as Solitary Hepatic Mass Following Other Iatrogenic Immunodeficiency-Associated Lymphoproliferative Disorder in a Patient With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Yasuhiro Tanaka, Satsuki Asai, Akiko Hashimoto, Isaku Shinzato


Lymphoproliferative disorders (LPDs) occur frequently in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) under methotrexate treatment. Some LPDs spontaneously regressed after methotrexate discontinuation, but classic Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL)-type LPDs frequently relapse, and chemotherapy is usually required for the treatment. CHL usually spreads in contiguous lymph nodes and then infiltrates in organs at an advanced stage. Thus, hepatic Hodgkin lymphoma (HHL) without lymphadenopathy is extremely rare at diagnosis. We present a case of methotrexate-associated LPDs associated with systemic lymphadenopathy and hepatosplenic mass in a 71-year-old woman with RA under methotrexate treatment over 10 years. Although spontaneous remission occurred after methotrexate discontinuation, she developed HHL presenting as a solitary hepatic mass without lymphadenopathy 3 years after spontaneous regression. She received brentuximab vedotin (BV) combination chemotherapy without bleomycin to avoid pulmonary toxicity. Complete metabolic response was achieved after four courses of BV combination chemotherapy, and the activity of RA was kept to be in remission. Our case suggested that the recurrence lesions of LPDs may present at unexpected site, which is not coincide with the primary site, and BV combination chemotherapy is a promising regimen for limited-stage CHL-type LPDs in patients with RA owing to its anti-lymphoma effect on CHL-type LPDs and a possible targeted therapy for RA.

J Med Cases. 2021;12(2):79-83
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3636


Classic Hodgkin lymphoma; Lymphoproliferative disorders; Hepatic mass; Methotrexate; Brentuximab vedotin; Combination chemotherapy

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