Rare Surgical Complication of In Vitro Fertilisation Treatment: Bladder Injury During Oocyte Retrieval

Tat Xin Ee, Wuen Lynn Toh, Jerry K.Y. Chan


Current literature suggests that surgical complications from oocyte retrievals (ORs) are uncommon. Here, we present a rare case of bladder injury during OR and its subsequent management. A 37-year-old nulliparous woman underwent assisted reproductive therapy (ART) for primary infertility secondary to anovulatory cycle. During OR, there was an inadvertent puncture of the bladder, with active intra-bladder bleeding seen on transvaginal ultrasound. Bladder washout followed by continuous drainage was instituted with antibiotic coverage over several days. Bladder integrity ascertained through computer tomography urogram and cystoscopy were unremarkable. She was discharged well and continued with her fertility treatment. Transvaginal OR is associated with few complications. Bladder injury, albeit rare, can present with massive hematuria and hemodynamic instability. Early identification of the injury is key to management with insertion of the indwelling urinary catheter, hemodynamic resuscitation and bladder irrigation. With a urological multi-disciplinary approach, most bladder injuries can be resolved non-invasively.

J Med Cases. 2021;12(3):102-106
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3632


Reproductive medicine; Assisted reproductive therapy; In vitro fertilization; Oocyte retrieval; Gynaecology; Infertility; Bladder injury; Urology

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