Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Following Incomplete Kawasaki Disease

Miguel Garcia-Dominguez, Julio Cesar Valadez, Edgardo Tostado-Morales, Jorge Luis Guzman-Rendon, Giordano Perez-Gaxiola, Edna Venegas-Montoya

Abstract


Kawasaki disease (KD) is a multisystemic vasculitis of unknown etiology, typically affecting children younger than 5 years of age. A direct relationship between KD and the development of malignant tumors has not been demonstrated, however, the immunological alterations of KD could be associated with its development. An 11-month-old male was diagnosed with incomplete KD. No coronary abnormalities were detected. He was treated with intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and aspirin. Four weeks later, he developed fever, otitis media, bullous pharyngitis, irritability, anemia and hyperleukocytosis, and neutropenia. Blasts forms were observed in peripheral blood. Bone marrow smear demonstrated acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). KD has diverse clinical presentations, atypical manifestations, and several complications such as macrophage activation syndrome. As our case highlights, lymphoid neoplasms may follow KD.




J Med Cases. 2020;11(11):352-354
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3569

Keywords


Kawasaki disease; Lymphoid neoplasms; Acute lymphoblastic leukemia

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