Hyponatremia and Hyporeninemic-Hypoaldosteronism in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Patient

Rafael Lemus, Joseph D. Tobias


Hyponatremia is one of the most commonly encountered electrolyte abnormalities encountered in the pediatric world. Defined as a serum or plasma sodium less than 135 mEq/L, the etiology of hyponatremia is one that can typically be determined by performance of a thorough history. However, occasionally the etiology of a patients hyponatremia is more elusive and determined only after laboratory evaluation. We present a 6-year-old girl with a complex medical history including spinal muscular atrophy, tracheostomy and ventilator dependence, who was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit for treatment and evaluation of seizures with hyponatremia that was initially thought to be due to syndrome of inappropriate anti-diuretic hormone or cerebral salt wasting. However, during her hospital course, it was determined that the hyponatremia was more indicative of a rarer and much less common cause of hyponatremia, hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism. The physiological factors controlling serum sodium are reviewed, the etiologies of hyponatremia are presented and the treatment of hyporeninemic-hypoaldosteronism is discussed.

J Med Cases. 2020;11(4):100-102
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3457


Hyponatremia; Renin; Aldosterone; Sodium

Full Text: HTML PDF

Browse  Journals  


Journal of Clinical Medicine Research

Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism

Journal of Clinical Gynecology and Obstetrics


World Journal of Oncology

Gastroenterology Research

Journal of Hematology


Journal of Medical Cases

Journal of Current Surgery

Clinical Infection and Immunity


Cardiology Research

World Journal of Nephrology and Urology

Cellular and Molecular Medicine Research


Journal of Neurology Research

International Journal of Clinical Pediatrics



Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.                     
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)

This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Disclaimer: The views and opinions expressed in the published articles are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of the editors and Elmer Press Inc. This website is provided for medical research and informational purposes only and does not constitute any medical advice or professional services. The information provided in this journal should not be used for diagnosis and treatment, those seeking medical advice should always consult with a licensed physician.