Anesthetic Care of a Child With Acute Flaccid Myelitis

Anuradha Kanaparthi, Joseph D. Tobias

Abstract


Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a neurological disorder that affects the anterior horn of the spinal cord, resulting in progressive weakness, loss of motor function, hypotonia and hyporeflexia. Given the progressive and frequently long-term neurological involvement of AFM, patients may require anesthetic care during radiological imaging or other surgical procedures, such as a tracheostomy or the placement of a gastrostomy tube. We present a 4-year-old girl with AFM who required anesthetic care during a tracheostomy. The end-organ involvement of the disease is discussed, pathogenesis and treatment options are reviewed and anesthetic implications are presented.




J Med Cases. 2019;10(8):225-228
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc3337

Keywords


Pediatric; Acute flaccid myelitis; Anesthesia; Neuromuscular weakness

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