J Med Cases
Journal of Medical Cases, ISSN 1923-4155 print, 1923-4163 online, Open Access
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Case Report

Volume 5, Number 9, September 2014, pages 509-510


Foreign Body or Foreign Bodies

Samet Ozera, d, Resul Yilmaza, Fevzi Atasevenb, Atilla Senaylic

aDepartment of Pediatrics, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey
bDepartment of Pediatrics, 19 Mayis University School of Medicine, Samsun, Turkey
cPediatric Surgery Department, Ankara Children’s Hematology and Oncology Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
dCorresponding Author: Samet Ozer, Department of Pediatrics, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, 60030 Tokat, Turkey

Manuscript accepted for publication August 18, 2014
Short title: Foreign Body or Foreign Bodies
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc1927w

Abstract▴Top 

Foreign body ingestion is a common complaint in the pediatric emergency department and a common problem throughout the world. Here, we report an interesting case of a coin ingestion in which the radiographic findings misguide the clinician. Foreign objects attach frequently esophagus anatomic narrowness. They must be taken out immediately because they can cause an obstruction, mucosal erosion or perforation. Endoscopy is the criterion standard for removal of foreign bodies from the esophagus. Foley and bougienage techniques are the other methods. In this case we presented a clinical condition that is seen and thought only a foreign object like a coin by the direct graphy. After it was taken out by the Foley catheter, that was seen there was more than one foreign body which were coins.

Keywords: Foreign body; Children; Coins

Introduction▴Top 

Swallowing a foreign body in childhood is frequently seen condition in pediatric emergency departments. Majority of patients are under 5 years and 70% of them are under 3 years [1, 2]. These children usually complain with a variety of gastrointestinal (GI), respiratory, or nonspecific symptoms including choking, drooling, poor feeding, fever, wheezing, stridor, vomiting, dysphagia, odynophagia, chest, throat, or even neck pain [3]. According to the coronal viewpoint esophageal foreign bodies can stand on cricopharyngeal level. Foreign bodies tend to lodge in sites of constriction in the esophagus. These are usually the points of natural narrowing of esophagus [4]. Esophageal coins usually lodge in the upper esophageal sphincter/thoracic inlet (60-70%), mid-esophagus at the level of the aortic notch (10-20%), and above the lower esophageal sphincter (20%) [5]. The most seen foreign bodies in children are coins and more dangerous one is button batteries. Since coins have thin and circular structure, they are swallowed easily. Swallowing coins is rarely seen with complications. Treatment approach differs according to foreign body’s shape, size, content, swallowed time and the location [6, 7].

It is decided that to take out the foreign body by the Foley catheter since it has not passed the upper esophageal sphincter. Literature knowledge was applied and this procedure has discussed when two foreign bodies were met.

Case Report▴Top 

A girl 3.5 years old was admitted to pediatric emergency service with sore throat, swallowing difficulty and discomfort. The child’s parents recall she had ingested a round object and it is learned that she swallowed coin 4 h ago while she was playing with her brother. Her vital signs were normal. The oxygen saturation was 98%. Her motor and mental evaluation was normal and there was no pathologic evidence in physical examination. Chest radiography showed that there was a foreign body like coin on upper esophagus. Since there was only one coin image standard application which is Foley catheter method was used to take out the foreign body. It is seen that there were two foreign bodies. One of them was bigger than the other one. All foreign bodies were taken out from upper esophagus. The patient was discharged from hospital at same day with no complication.

Discussion▴Top 

Swallowing foreign body is a cause of children mortality aged 1 - 3 and mortality rate is 7%. Respiratory tract crash, atelectasia, bronshiectasia and pneumonia are other serious complications of foreign body swallowing. Because of mortality and the morbidity patients who admitted to emergency service with the probality of aspiration foreign body must be evaluated as soon as possibly [1, 2].

Most of the children are under 5 years old who swallow foreign body. Swallowed foreign bodies can be observed for development of symptoms, as 80% of foreign bodies which reach the stomach spontaneously pass. Only 12% of patients required operation, and no mortality was seen [8]. As a clinical finding 22% of foreign bodies attach to lower esophageal segment [9]. The foreign bodies are generally coin, pin, toy pieces, circular objects, disc-shaped batteries, amulet, osicles and other small objects [5, 6]. Most of the swallowed foreign bodies vary to geographic characteristics. These foreign bodies attach to beginning of esophagus, where the esophagus crosses the arcus aorta and crosses main left bronsch and passes the diaphragm [10]. All of the foreign bodies must be taken out by endoscopic method or Foley catheter method, because all of them may cause obstruction, mucosa erosion or perforation [9].

It is reported that foreign bodies in the esophagus may be wrongly diagnosed by radiologic screening. It was reported as a coin but after taken out it was seen that was a battery-shaped button [11]. Also it was reported more than one foreign body was seen in GI system. According to literature review there was not reported two foreign bodies on upper esophagus like our patient. In this case, in the first evaluation there is only one coin in upper esophagus on chest radiography. After taken out by Foley catheter it was seen that there were two coins and one of them was on the other one. Bigger one is 18 mm and the other is 16 mm.

Conclusion

There may be more than one foreign body probability when Foley catheter application was conducted. The other foreign bodies can be different from the coins. Because of the fact that Foley catheter may increase the morbidity risk. Because of this not only taking an anterior posterior graphy but also a lateral graphy may be necessary. Whatever this condition is rarely seen.

Author Notes

Fevzi Ataseven and Atilla Senayli’s past affiliation was Department of Pediatrics, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey, where this work was primarily carried out.


References▴Top 
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