Transmission of Hepatitis C Virus From a Mother to a Child Carrying IL28B Heterozygote rs8099917 Among Three Brothers: A Long-Term Follow-Up

Takafumi Saito, Kei Mizuno, Tomohiro Katsumi, Kyoko Tomita, Chikako Sato, Kazuo Okumoto, Yuko Nishise, Hisayoshi Watanabe, Li Shao, Yoshiyuki Ueno

Abstract


Three male children were born every 2 years by spontaneous delivery from a mother infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 2b, and all have been followed up after birth. The viral load in the serum of the mother was high before their deliveries, and anti-HCV antibody immunoglobulin G, which is allowed to pass through placenta, was positive in the umbilical blood of all the children. Mother-to-child transmission of HCV was confirmed in the second son, who was positive for both anti-HCV antibody and serum HCV RNA when first examined 108 days after birth, but not in the other siblings. Persistent HCV genotype 2b infection with mild elevation of the serum alanine aminotransferase level has been established in the second son for more than 14 years. The interleukin 28B (IL28B) genotype (rs8099917) of the second son showed the TG heterozygote, which is unfavorable for viral clearance, and this may predict persistent HCV infection. Among the three brothers sharing the same delivery conditions with exposure to the same virus, as well as sharing the same environment after birth, HCV infection has not been consistent, and one of them possessing the TG genotype of the IL28B gene (rs8099917) has had chronic HCV infection. These cases suggest that maternal HCV transmission does not occur so often, even among multiple children who are exposed to the same HCV with a high viral load, and that this variation might be attributable to very minor events that can impact on viral exposure in the perinatal period.




J Med Cases. 2014;5(4):227-231
doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14740/jmc1736w

Keywords


Hepatitis; HCV; Perinatal infection; Vertical infection; Interleukin 28B

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