Treatment of Acute Appendicitis in the Patients With Severe Neutropenia

Hyun-Jong Kang, Sang-Yoon Kang, Won-Kyung Kang, Dong-Gun Lee, Jong Wook Lee


When appendicitis occurs in neutropenic adult patients, clinicians must balance the timing and the risks of surgery. Urgent surgery may lead to high operative complications and mortality. This case report details the treatment of appendicitis in neutropenic patients with hematologic disease. Patient 1 was a 31 years old female with severe aplastic anemia and patient 2 was a 34 years old male with AML M6. Both patients' abdominal CT scan was suggestive of appendicitis. We prepared supportive care first, delayed surgery was successfully completed without acute or late complications. We suggest that, in patients in a neutropenic state, delayed elective operation is superior to urgent operation, except in the case of life-threatening complications such as peritonitis.

J Med Cases. 2013;4(12):799-802


Acute appendicitis; Severe neutropenia; Hematologic disease

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