Journal of Medical Cases, ISSN 1923-4155 print, 1923-4163 online, Open Access
Article copyright, the authors; Journal compilation copyright, J Med Cases and Elmer Press Inc
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Case Report

Volume 7, Number 7, July 2016, pages 253-257

A Persistent Left-Sided Superior Vena Cava With Agenesis of the Right Superior Vena Cava in a Patient Who Underwent Liver Transplantation: A Case Report


Figure 1.
Figure 1. Precardinal/anterior cardinal vein developmental process (image taken from Phlebolymphology. Vol. 19, No. 4, 2012).
Figure 2.
Figure 2. The white arrow demonstrates the tip of the CVC apparently in the left subclavian vein.
Figure 3.
Figure 3. Ultrasonographic imaging demonstrating the metallic guide of the CVC (white arrow) in a dilated coronary sinus (*).
Figure 4.
Figure 4. The black arrow demonstrates the tip of the CVC, apparently in the PLS-SVC.
Figure 5.
Figure 5. (a) Injection of contrast medium directly from the CVC into the dilated CS. (b) Early opacization of the pulmonary artery demonstrates that the PLS-SVC drains into the right atrium.
Figure 6.
Figure 6. On the left: CT axial view of the PLS-SVC and the right brachiocephalic vein crossing the midline. On the right: the dilated coronary sinus.
Figure 7.
Figure 7. The white arrow indicates a hypertrophic hemiazygos vein (6) which drains directly into the PLS-SVC just like a normal azygos vein would do on the right side.