Vertebral Osteomyelitis: Unexpected Cause of Back Pain

Fermin Lopez-Rivera, Xavier Colon Rivera, Hernan Gonzalez Monroig

Abstract


Osteomyelitis is an inflammation of bone caused by a pyogenic organism. Osteomyelitis is one of the most important musculoskeletal infections, commonly occurring in long bones. Vertebral osteomyelitis is fairly rare and is often overlooked. It is usually acquired hematogenously, although there are other ways of infection. Only about half of patients develop fever > 38 °C and symptoms are unspecific. The most common organism is Staphylococcus aureus, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa being an unexpected pathogen accounting for about 6%. We present a case of a 56-year-old Hispanic male that visited emergency room presenting with back pain of 3 weeks of evolution being discharged home. Patient returned 2 days after with no improvement. Blood test returned under normal range. Physical exam showed a focal tenderness at thoracic level. Blood culture recovered Pseudomonas aeruginosa sensitive to levofloxacin. CT/MRI was performed and showed vertebral osteomyelitis. Antibiotic was started for 6 weeks. Therapy was guided with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)/C-reactive protein (CRP). Patient was evaluated monthly for 6 months and improved. Vertebral osteomyelitis is a challenging diagnosis. The consequences of the disease are dire if not diagnosed on time. Historically, the diagnosis of vertebral osteomyelitis remains in a positive culture of bone biopsy. Nowadays, when handling a suspected hematogenous vertebral osteomyelitis, blood culture has gained importance. Whether a blood culture recovered a pathogen, therapy should be based on sensitivity and can be guided following ESR/CRP levels. This type of management can preclude invasive and expensive methods, such as bone biopsy.




J Med Cases. 2017;8(8):246-248
doi: https://doi.org/10.14740/jmc2870w


Keywords


Bacteremia; Discitis; Osteomyelitis

Full Text: HTML PDF
 
Home     |     Log In     |      About     |      Search     |      Current     |      Archives     |      Submit      |     Subscribe


 

     

Aims and Scope

Current Issues

Conflict of Interest

About Publisher

Editorial Board

Archives

Copyright

Company Profile

Editorial Office

Misconduct and Retraction

Permissions

Company Registration

Contact Us

Abstracting and Indexing

ICMJE

Ownership

Instructions to Authors

Access

Declaration of Helsinki

Contact Publisher

Submission Checklist

Reprints

Terms of Use

Company Address

Submit a Manuscript

Open Access Policy

Privacy Policy

Browse Journals

Publishing Fee

Publishing Policy

Disclaimer

Recent Highlights

Peer-Review Process

Publishing Quality

Code of Ethics

Advertising Policy

Manuscript Tracking

Advanced Search

For Librarians

Careers

Publishing Process

Publication Frequency

For Reviewers

Propose a New Journal

       
       

Journal of Medical Cases, monthly, ISSN 1923-4155 (print), 1923-4163 (online), published by Elmer Press Inc.        
The content of this site is intended for health care professionals.
This is an open-access journal distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License, which permits unrestricted
non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Creative Commons Attribution license (Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International CC-BY-NC 4.0)


This journal follows the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) recommendations for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals,
the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) guidelines, and the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

website: www.journalmc.org   editorial contact: editor@journalmc.org
Address: 9225 Leslie Street, Suite 201, Richmond Hill, Ontario, L4B 3H6, Canada

© Elmer Press Inc. All Rights Reserved.

DECLARATION: THIS JOURNAL SITE OUTLOOK IS DESIGNED BY THE PUBLISHER AND COPYRIGHT PROTECTED. DO NOT COPY!